All About Opioids and Opioid-Induced Constipation (OIC)
Treatment options for OIC
Although opioids are very effective for treating and managing pain, their use frequently results in opioid-induced constipation (OIC). Treatment options for OIC may be as simple as changing diet or as complicated as requiring several medicines and laxatives.
How can changing lifestyle factors treat OIC?
Changing lifestyle factors is usually the first recommendation that physicians make for the prevention or treatment of constipation. This includes:
Increasing dietary fiber
Increasing fluid intake
Increasing exercise or physical activity
Increasing time and privacy for toileting
Changes in lifestyle, however, may not be possible for many patients. In addition, these changes may be ineffective in treating OIC. If there is a concurrent underlying disease or medicine that is causing constipation, the disease may need to be treated separately or another treatment regimen may have to be considered.
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